These were developed by Bob Hughes for the purposes of adults who study and facilitate play. It is examined in far more detail in his 1996 book A Playworker’s Taxonomy of Play Types, London: PLAYLINK, UK.
Communication Play – play using words, nuances or gestures for example, mime, jokes, play acting, mickey taking, singing, debate, poetry.
Creative Play – play which allows a new response, the transformation of information, awareness of new connections, with an element of surprise.
Deep Play – play which allows the child to encounter risky or even potentially life threatening experiences, to develop survival skills and conquer fear.
Dramatic Play – play which dramatizes events in which the child is not a direct participator.
Exploratory Play – play to access factual information consisting of manipulative behaviours such as handling, throwing, banging or mouthing objects.
Fantasy Play – play which rearranges the world in the child’s way, a way which is unlikely to occur.
Imaginative Play – play where the conventional rules, which govern the physical world, do not apply.
Locomotor Play – movement in any or every direction for its own sake.
Mastery Play – control of the physical and affective ingredients of the environments.
Object Play – play which uses infinite and interesting sequences of hand-eye manipulations and movements.
Recapitulative Play – play that allows the child to explore ancestry, history, rituals, stories, rhymes, fire and darkness. Enables children to access play of earlier human evolutionary stages.
Role Play – play exploring ways of being, although not normally of an intense personal, social, domestic or interpersonal nature.
Rough and Tumble Play – close encounter play which is less to do with fighting and more to do with touching, tickling, gauging relative strength. Discovering physical flexibility and the exhilaration of display.
Social Play – play during which the rules and criteria for social engagement and interaction can be revealed, explored and amended.
Socio-dramatic Play – the enactment of real and potential experiences of an intense personal, social, domestic or interpersonal nature.
Symbolic Play – play which allows control, gradual exploration and increased understanding without the risk of being out of one’s depth.