“We want all of Scotland’s children and young people to have the opportunity to experience the joys of movement, and the social, emotional and physical wellbeing that comes through play.”
A More Active Scotland, Scottish Government
Play is one of the most powerful and important elements in children’s enjoyment of their childhood, well-being, health and development. It is a natural and instinctive behaviour which should be encouraged and supported throughout childhood.
Generally, children’s well-being is seen as a combination of factors including their physical and mental health, their relationships, their feelings and their comfort within the environments they inhabit. Evidence suggests that play cuts across and influences many of these factors, developing “protective systems” that enhance children’s own feelings of well-being.
Susan Isaacs, the educational psychologist and psychoanalyst who founded the Department of Child Development at the Institute of Education in London in the early 1930s, saw play as a way for children to express their personalities with both healing and cognitive potential. She saw play as the `child’s work’, essential to growth and development, and considered that active play was a sign of good mental health. For Isaacs, developing a child’s independence and learning, was best achieved through play, and the role of adults and early educators was to guide children’s play.
Getting it Right for Play – downloadable poster
A More Active Scotland
Play Scotland are delighted to see that the importance of play and active play has been included in this Scottish Government publication.
The Scottish Government aims to cut physical inactivity in adults and teenagers by 15% by 2030.
Included in its Active Scotland Delivery Plan are actions such as: development of community sports hubs in the most deprived areas; more opportunities for pupils to participate in sport before, during and after school; support and development for helping people move from school sport to clubs; increased funding for cycle and walking paths; promoting good practice to ensure children have safe places to play.
Scotland is one of the first countries to publish a national action plan following the World Health Organisation’s global plan on physical activity.
“Cutting the level of physical inactivity in Scotland by 15% by 2030 means addressing all of the factors involved. This includes relatively large action such as investing in our active travel infrastructure so people can easily walk and cycle, and supporting initiatives such as Health Walks for those who need help to become active, to small acts such as encouraging removal of ‘No Ball Games’ signs.“ Public Health and Sport Minister Joe FitzPatrick.
A Healthier Future
Play Scotland were delighted to see that play has been included in the new A healthier Future document from Scottish Government.
“We also recognise that all environments where children live, learn and play have an enormous influence on what they eat. That includes not just their home but also early years and childcare settings, schools, shops and retail premises beyond the school gates, and the wider community. That is why actions right across this plan, not just those outlined below, will contribute to achieving our ambition for halving childhood obesity”.
You can download the document here
Good Places Better Health for Scotland’s Children, Scottish Government
Good Places Better Health (GPBH) is the Scottish Government’s Strategy on health and the environment. This new approach recognises that environment has a significant impact on the health of Scotland’s people and that action is required to create safe, health nurturing environments for everyone. Link
Start Active, Stay Active
Report from the UK Chief Medical Officers.
“Investing in children’s play is one of the most important things we can do to improve children’s health and wellbeing in Scotland.”
Sir Harry Burns, Former Chief Medical Officer Scotland
Little Feet from Living Streets
Little Feet encourages families with children aged two to five years old to review and adapt their routines to allow for more active travel (cycling, walking, and scooting) on the way to or from pre-school/school. Full details can be found here
Good mental health for all – The Mental Health Foundation
Mental health problems affect about 1 in 10 children and young people. They include depression, anxiety and conduct disorder, and are often a direct response to what is happening in their lives.
Alarmingly, however, 70% of children and young people who experience a mental health problem have not had appropriate interventions at a sufficiently early age.
The emotional wellbeing of children is just as important as their physical health. Good mental health allows children and young people to develop the resilience to cope with whatever life throws at them and grow into well-rounded, healthy adults.
Things that can help keep children and young people mentally well include:
- being in good physical health, eating a balanced diet and getting regular exercise
- having time and the freedom to play, indoors and outdoors
- being part of a family that gets along well most of the time
- going to a school that looks after the wellbeing of all its pupils
- taking part in local activities for young people.
Other factors are also important, including:
- feeling loved, trusted, understood, valued and safe
- being interested in life and having opportunities to enjoy themselves
- being hopeful and optimistic
- being able to learn and having opportunities to succeed
- accepting who they are and recognising what they are good at
- having a sense of belonging in their family, school and community
- feeling they have some control over their own life
- having the strength to cope when something is wrong (resilience) and the ability to solve problems.
Further information can be found here
Articles for interest
BALANCING SCREEN TIME WITH GREEN TIME: Attention Retention Theory Helps Explain Why Nature Play Helps Learning
Nature experiences can be a perfect antidote to the buzzing distraction of modern childhood. After a trip to the forest or the beach, the mind seems reinvigorated. Here’s why. Full article
Doctors are asking parents to enforce playtime. World Economic Forum
For many parents, back-to-school season incites a mad scramble to organize kids’ activities—from music lessons to math club and after-school tutoring. But a new policy report from the American Academy of Pediatrics suggests we’d do better to pencil in big blocks of time devoted to nothing but free play. Full article
The Power of Play: A Pediatric Role in Enhancing Development in Young Children
Children need to develop a variety of skill sets to optimize their development and manage toxic stress. Research demonstrates that developmentally appropriate play with parents and peers is a singular opportunity to promote the social-emotional, cognitive, language, and self-regulation skills that build executive function and a prosocial brain. Furthermore, play supports the formation of the safe, stable, and nurturing relationships with all caregivers that children need to thrive. Full article
Activities Guide: Enhancing and Practising Executive Function Skills with Children from Infancy to Adolescence
Free play and children’s mental health from Dr David Whitebread in The Lancet
One in five children could be at risk of mental health issues, study suggests, The Telegragh
Almost one in five children could be at risk of mental health issues later in life, according to research.
Nearly a fifth (19 per cent) of youngsters show signs of low self-worth and doubt their learning abilities – which a new report argues are strong indicators that a child’s wellbeing is at risk. Full article
Anxiety, panic attacks and depression are among the symptoms displayed by infant school pupils, according to a poll carried out by the National Association of Schoolmasters Union of Women Teachers (NASUWT). Full article
In 2016, at least 41 million children younger than 5 years worldwide were estimated to be overweight or obese, and this number is likely to increase to at least 50 million by 2030.1 Although the prevalence of overweight or obesity among children younger than 5 years has plateaued in some developed countries, rates have increased among children in low-income and middle-income countries in the past 15 years.2 Obesity at a young age is likely to continue in adolescence and adulthood, resulting in various health and social consequences. Full article
“Research suggests that the unique features of play act across a range of health variables: play comprises short, intense periods of activity which involve novel movements, thoughts and behaviours; play with uncertainty promotes moderate stress, which in turn supports high variable heart rates and the development of healthy stress response systems; and as apleasurable experience, play becomes self-rewarding and builds
motivation for more play experiences.”